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Epidural hematoma causes

The fractures are most often the result of a severe head injury, such as those caused by motorcycle, bicycle, skateboard, snow boarding, or automobile accidents. Rapid bleeding causes a collection of blood (hematoma) that presses on the brain. The pressure inside the head (intracranial pressure, ICP) increases quickly An EDH is often caused by a skull fracture during childhood or adolescence. The membrane covering the brain is not as closely attached to the skull as it is in older people and children younger than 2 years. Therefore, this type of bleeding is more common in young people. An EDH can also occur due to rupture of a blood vessel, usually an artery

Epidural hematoma causes. An epidural hematoma is often caused by a skull fracture during childhood or adolescence. The majority of cases related to a traumatic mechanism are a result of head injury due to motor vehicle collisions, physical assaults, or accidental falls. This type of bleeding is more common in young people because the membrane. The most common cause of (intracranial) epidural hematoma is traumatic, although spontaneous hemorrhage is known to occur. Hemorrhages commonly result from acceleration-deceleration trauma and transverse forces. Epidural hematoma may be intracranial (EDH) or spinal (SEDH) The most common cause of an epidural hematoma is trauma. Some people with this type of injury remain conscious, but most become drowsy or go into a coma from the moment of trauma. An epidural hematoma that affects an artery in your brain can be deadly without prompt treatment

Epidural hematomas occur in about 10% of traumatic brain injuries, mostly due to car accidents, assaults, or falls. They are often caused by acceleration-deceleration trauma and transverse forces. Epidural hematoma commonly results from a blow to the side of the head Coagulopathies, traumatic needle insertion during placement of an epidural catheter or performance of a spinal anesthetic and spontaneous bleeding are all thought to play a role in the development of epidural hematomas An epidural hematoma usually results from trauma or other injury to your head. For example, your brain may be subjected to a damaging blow during a fall, vehicular accident, or collision in contact.. Epidural hematomas are the direct result of physical trauma to the head. Some of the most likely causes of an epidural hematoma include: head injury from a contact sport, such as football or rugb

Epidural hematoma Information Mount Sinai - New Yor

Epidural hematoma: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedi

Epidural hematoma causes, signs, symptoms, diagnosis

Epidural hematoma, also called extradural hematoma, a type of head injury involving bleeding into the space between the skull and the dura mater, the outermost layer of the protective structures surrounding the brain.It can occur when a traumatic force applied to the head is sufficient to cause a deformity of the skull and damage to the underlying middle meningeal artery Dr. Mazin Albert answered. 10 years experience General Practice. Collection of blood: An epidural hematoma is a collection of blood between the brain and skull caused by arterial bleeding. The accumulation of blood can cause an increase Read More. 3 doctors agree. 0. 0 comment. 13

Epidural hematoma: The causes of an epidural hematoma can be summarised as follows: An epidural hematoma commonly occurs after an injury that results in the fracture of the temporal bone or the parietal bone. As a consequence, the middle meningeal artery or middle meningeal vein gets damaged and bleeding occurs between the dura and the skull Epidural Abscess. In some cases of spinal epidural hematoma, the mass becomes infected. One case study involved a 65-year-old man with diabetes, who experienced back pain and leg weakness from an epidural mass over the bony projections of specific vertebrae. The clot developed an invasive pneumococcal infection that developed into an abscess Epidural hematoma at a glance. An epidural hematoma is a collection of blood between the skull and the dura, which is the outermost membrane covering the brain, due to a blood vessel rupture. This medical condition is typically the result of a head injury, and is often accompanied by a skull fracture Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is an uncommon clinical entity. It is defined as an accumulation of blood in the epidural space that can mechanically compress the spinal cord. Compressive SEH is acute and progressive. Improperly managed, it can cause permanent neurologic deficit

Traumatic Brain Injury: Causes, Symptoms, Signs, Treatment

Epidural Hematoma / Traumatic Brain Injury -TBI / Causes

The incidence of epidural hematoma is approximated to be less than 1 in 150,000 epidurals . The actual incidence of neurologic dysfunction resulting from hemorrhagic complications is unknown [ 34 ]. Epidural hematomas can lead to compression of the spinal nerve or nerves causing irreversible damage [ 36 ] Spinal epidural hematoma is a collection of blood in the potential space between the dura and the bone, along the spinal canal. Significant bleeding can lead to spinal cord damage, causing neurological injury and deficit. This is a neurosurgical emergency A spinal subdural hematoma is a rare but very serious condition that develops when an accumulation of blood mechanically compresses the spinal cord. This problem can lead to serious complications if not addressed immediately, so today we're going to share the symptoms and risk factors for the development of spinal subdural hematomas. Causes and Symptoms [

Intracranial hematoma - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Epidural hematoma, between the dura mater—the outer layer of the membranes (meninges)—and skull; Subdural hematoma, under the dura mater; Subarachnoid hematoma, on the surface of the brain, under the arachnoid layer of the meninges; Intracerebral, or intraparenchymal hematoma, a blood pocket in the brain tissue itself; Hematomas can be caused by a wide variety of conditions Epidural hematoma usually results from a brief linear contact force to the calvaria that cause separation of the periosteal dura from bone and disruption of interposed vessels due to shearing stress. Skull fractures occur in 85-95% of adult cases, but they are much less common in children because of the plasticity of the immature calvaria An epidural hematoma is a type of intracranial hematoma (blood clot or clots) that often results from a skull fracture. Causes. An epidural hematoma occurs when a blood clot forms underneath the skull, but on top of the dura, the tough covering that surrounds the brain

Epidural hematoma - Wikipedi

  1. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare disease that can lead to the acute onset of severe neurological deficits, 1 requiring early diagnostics and rapid treatment to reduce the.
  2. ectomy is performed .Previous reports have highlighted the substantial risk of this complication in patients receiving the subsequent anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy
  3. The majority of the double epidural hematomas were bilateral and required surgery on both sides, and it was noted that lateralization of neurologic exam was less common than in single epidural hematoma (35). A rare cause of intracranial epidural hematoma in which no trauma is recognized is acute or chronic leakage of a pseudoaneurysm of the.
  4. Extradural hematoma (EDH), also known as an epidural hematoma, is a collection of blood that forms between the inner surface of the skull and outer layer of the dura, which is called the endosteal layer.They are usually associated with a history of head trauma and frequently associated skull fracture. The source of bleeding is usually arterial, most commonly from a torn middle meningeal artery
  5. Contusion or intracerebral hematoma A contusion is a bruise to the brain itself. A contusion causes bleeding and swelling inside of the brain around the area where the head was struck. Contusions may occur with skull fractures or other blood clots such as a subdural or epidural hematoma
  6. To highlight the diagnosis and cause of the lumbar epidural hematoma. The characteristics of imaging of lumbar epidural hematomas have been reported. [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hematoma Bone tumors Spondylodiscitis or epidural abscess Spondylolisthesis Notice the diffuse narrowing of the lumbar spinal canal. [radiologyassistant.nl].

Epidural hematoma - OpenAnesthesi

Epidural Hematoma Definition and Patient Educatio

Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare cause of back pain in the emergency department (estimated incidence of approximately 0.1 per 100,000 patients per year []) but one that carries high morbidity.The classic clinical presentation is acute onset of severe, often radiating, back pain followed by signs and symptoms of nerve root and/or spinal cord compression, which develops. An epidural hematoma is usually caused by a torn artery. The blood that leaks from the artery forms a pocket that bulges out and puts pressure on the brain. If an epidural hematoma is removed quickly, your child will likely recover because the brain will not be bruised or permanently damaged. What is a subdural hematoma? A subdural hematoma. a. An epidural hematoma is related to bleeding from arterial venous source. b. An epidural hematoma can increase intracranial pressure ICP quickly. c. An epidural hematoma changes overall condition quickly. d. An epidural hematoma can cause death. e. An epidural hematoma can cause irreversible brain damage epidural hematoma may cause x effect. mass. epidural hematoma may cross x but NEVER crosses y. mid-line; suture lines. mass effect. compression causes loss of symmetry. subdural hematoma epidemology. more common than epidural. subdural hematoma classifications (3) acute, subacute, chronic

Epidural Hematoma: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology

A spinal epidural hematoma is a rare but significant neurological condition. The spontaneous development of spinal epidural hematomas is most frequent after the fourth or fifth decade 5). However, it has been reported to occur in all age groups, and it is a very rare clinical entity in children In this manner, what artery causes epidural hematoma? Epidural hematoma commonly results from a blow to the side of the head. The pterion region, which overlies the middle meningeal artery, is relatively weak and prone to injury.Thus, only 20 to 30% of epidural hematomas occur outside the region of the temporal bone Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is an accumulation of blood in the loose areolar tissue between the vertebrae and the dura of the spinal canal. Typically, the hematoma is asymptomatic, but in rare cases it will compress the spinal cord, with potentially devastating neurological consequences. These symptoms include sensory disruption, bowel and bladder incontinence, motor weakness, or, in severe. Complication of epidural steroid injection. ESIs are the most commonly performed pain procedures in the United States. However, in the literature,[1 5 ] they have no long-term and only variable short-term benefit.Known complications related to ESI include vasovagal syncope, postdural puncture headaches, infections (e.g., epidural abscess, meningitis), and epidural hematoma

Diplopia & Epidural Hematoma Symptom Checker: Possible causes include Stroke. Check the full list of possible causes and conditions now! Talk to our Chatbot to narrow down your search Both epidural and subdural spinal hematoma has been reported in the literature and it is challenging to differentiate between them based on MRI, therefore the surgeon should keep both in mind. In a case report by Qiyang Xu et al 11 , spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma happened after mechanical thrombectomy and catheter-directed thrombolysis An epidural headache is caused by leaking spinal fluid when the dura which is the thin membrane that surrounds the spinal cord is punctured by an epidural needle. The fluid acts as a cushion around the brain and without it, the brain tends to sag and rubs painfully against the bony skull. This brain sagging causes stretching in the connective.

Epidural hematoma: Definition, treatment, and outloo

The most common cause of intracranial epidural hematoma is trauma, although spontaneous hemorrhages have been known to occur. Epidural hematomas occur in about 10% of traumatic brain injuries, mostly due to car accidents, assaults, or falls.[3 Learn the definition of a hematoma and read about symptoms and treatment. Hematoma causes include trauma, brain injury, diseases, infections, and more. Some types of hematomas can be a medical emergency and require immediate medical treatment or even surgery Epidural hematoma (EDH) is an intracranial hemorrhage between the outer membrane of the brain (dura mater) and the skull, usually caused by trauma. The hematoma is most often caused by laceration. In the case of epidural hematoma in the posterior cranial fossa, tonsillar herniation causes Cushing's triad: hypertension, bradycardia, and irregular breathing. The prognosis is better if there was a lucid interval than if the person was comatose from the time of injury. Arterial epidural hematomas usually progress rapidly

Debrief. This patient had a spinal epidural hematoma, which is defined as a spontaneous collection of blood in the spinal epidural space. 1 Initially reported in the 17 th century, this neurosurgical emergency is a rare condition - reported occurrence is 0.1 patients/100,000 people (i.e. 1 in a million). 2,3 It is a difficult diagnosis to. {{configCtrl2.info.metaDescription}} This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies

The epidural space occupying lesions caused by epidural hematoma, blood clot and spread of cancer growth causes severe back pain. Spinal epidural space is also known as extradural space or peridural space. Epidural space is attached to foramen magnum at the cephalic (top) end and sacrum at the caudal (bottom) end A subdural hematoma (SDH) is a type of bleeding in which a collection of blood—usually associated with a traumatic brain injury—gathers between the inner layer of the dura mater and the arachnoid mater of the meninges surrounding the brain.It usually results from tears in bridging veins that cross the subdural space.. Subdural hematomas may cause an increase in the pressure inside the.

Epidural Hematoma. Epidural hematoma is a rapidly accumulating mass of blood, usually clotted, or a swelling confined to the space between the skull and the dura mater. It is usually found in the temporoparietal region where a skull fracture will cross the path of the middle meningeal artery or the dural branches Retroclival hematoma. Dr Mostafa El-Feky and Dr Yahya Baba et al. A retroclival hematoma is a collection of blood located along the dorsum sellae and clivus which may reach the dens. It has been classified into either an epidural or subdural retroclival hematoma depending on the anatomical location of the blood accumulation Extradural Haematoma. An extradural haematoma is a collection of blood in the 'potential' space between the skull and the outer protective lining that covers the brain (the dura mater). It usually occurs because of a head injury. It is a serious condition and emergency treatment is needed. An operation to remove the haematoma may be needed •Spinal anesthesia offers the same advantages as epidural anesthesia, with a shorter time of onset. •Approximately one third of patients who have had dural puncture will develop a post dural puncture headache (PDPH). •Intracranial subdural hematoma is rare, having been reported fewer than 100 times (according to a lit review in 2018) An epidural hematoma (EDH) occurs when blood accumulates between the skull and the dura mater, the thick membrane covering the brain. They typically occur when a skull fracture tears an underlying blood vessel. EDHs are about half as common as a subdural hematomas and usually occur in young adults. They occur four times as often among males.

Intracranial hemorrhage CT - wikidocAcute subdural haematoma - Radiology at St

Epidural Hematoma Caused Natasha Richardson's Deat

Pathogenesis (disease development) The brain is enveloped by three densely packed meninges (meninges; layers of connective tissue). They protect and stabilize the brain. The dur Epidural hematoma occurs in about 1% of all patients with severe head injuries. The fraction of comatose head-injury patients with subdural hematoma is greater, but still only about 10%. Intracranial subdural hematoma. The most common cause of cranial epidural hematoma is head trauma, which is some kind of blow to the head What causes an epidural hematoma? An epidural hematoma, a form of an intracranial hematoma, is a pocket of blood that forms between the brain and skull when a blood vessel in the brain ruptures. The pocket of blood places pressure on the brain tissue. The ruptured blood vessel may result from head trauma that may be a slight bump on the head or.

The term epidural hematoma refers to pooling blood outside the dura mater (epidural). It's one example of closed head trauma , which also includes subdural hematomas and sub-arachnoid hemorrhage. Closed head injuries , similar to traumatic brain injuries , come from blunt trauma to the noggin that results in swelling of the brain Causes Of Epidural Hematoma. In most cases, epidural hematoma occurs after a head injury, especially when there is fracture of skull. However, there are instances noted where the cause is spontaneous hemorrhage. The fractured bone of the skull can cause damage to the blood vessels (artery). Once there is leakage in the artery, blood occupies. An epidural hematoma (EDH) is an extra-axial collection of blood within the potential space between the outer layer of the dura mater and the inner table of the skull. It is confined by the lateral sutures (especially the coronal sutures) where the dura inserts. It is a life-threatening condition, which may require immediate intervention and. EPIDURAL HEMATOMA TrH11 (3) DIAGNOSIS For other DIAGNOSTIC EVALUATION → see p. TrH1 >> LP is absolutely contraindicated!!! CSF pressure > 200 mmH 2 O, CSF clear (bloody if there was contusion or laceration of brain) Skull X-ray may show associated skull fracture (e.g. crossing shadow of middle meningeal artery branches). Unenhanced CT - classic lens-shaped (biconvex) density

Image Result For Epidural Hematoma Epidural Hematoma Epidural Sinusitis . Subdural Vs Epidural Hematoma Just Had This On My Physiologic Basis Of Disease Exam Epidural Hematoma Subdural Hematoma Emergency Nursing . Epidural Hematoma Bleeding Between The Skull And The Dura Mater Outer Layer Of The Brain Caused By A S Nursing Study Medical. Causes of epidural and subdural hematomas in children. Head injuries are the most common causes of epidural and subdural hematomas. Significant head injuries are common among kids and can be caused by car accidents, sports injuries, falls, and other accidents. Typically, intracranial bleeding is the result of a head injury An epidural hematoma can be another cause of a headache, which usually has a traumatic origin. A blow to the head with a hard object or getting up and banging the head against an overhead cupboard or a heavy shelf could cause a skull fracture with a line in the temporal bone of the skull. Right adjacent to this bone is the middle meningeal. An epidural steroid injection is a common procedure to treat spinal nerve irritation that is most often caused by tissues next to the nerve pressing against it. The beginning of the nerve (nerve root) may be irritated by a bulging intervertebral disc, disc contents (ruptured disc) or bone spur, directly touching the spinal nerve.An epidural steroid injection involves bathing an inflamed. An epidural abscess results in a pocket of pus that builds up and causes swelling. It can press against your bones and the membranes that protect your spinal cord and your brain (meninges). This swelling and the underlying infection can affect sensations and physical movement and can cause other problems

Hematoma Definition, Pictures, Treatment, Symptoms, Sign

The fractures and epidural hematoma were treated conservatively, and spontaneous resolution of the hematoma was confirmed. Cervical laminoplasty was performed successfully using a mask-type head holder on the subsequent day. As a precaution for fractures and epidural hematoma in neurosurgical patients with bone fragility or a thin skull, use of. A hematoma is the result of a traumatic injury to your skin or the tissues underneath your skin. When blood vessels under your skin are damaged and leak, the blood pools and results in a bruise. A. Non-penetrating injures causing BSS are exceedingly rare along with other infrequently encountered etiologies of BSS; tumors, disc herniations, infections, autoimmune diseases, and epidural hematomas.[5 7 13 18 20 21] To date, there were only four case reports in the literature of BSS caused by a traumatic spinal epidural hematoma.[2 3 22. The office ruled her death accidental, citing the cause as an epidural hematoma due to a blunt impact to the head. Funeral arrangements for Richardson will be handled by New York City's Greenwich.

Permanent nerve damage. In rare cases, an epidural can lead to permanent loss of feeling or movement in, for example, 1 or both legs. The causes are: direct damage to the spinal cord from the epidural needle or catheter. infection deep in the epidural area or near the spinal cord. bleeding in the epidural area, causing pressure on the spinal cord Spinal epidural hematomas are a rare occurrence, accounting for less than 1% of all spinal canal space-occupying lesions ( 1, 2 ). Spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas (SSEH), defined as blood within the epidural space without known traumatic or iatrogenic cause, have an estimated incidence of 0.1 in 100,000 per year ( 2 - 5 ) Nevertheless, an epidural hematoma developed after spinal anesthesia. No case of epidural hematoma occurrence after central neuraxial block performance has been previously reported in patients shortly after a 7 day clopidogrel therapy-free interval. The first sign of epidural bleeding was bladder dysfunction, which was not considered unusual by. The natural evolvement of the hematoma - shows as: Acute = hyperdense/ white. Subacute = isodense. Chronic = hypodense. ** Extradural (epidural) vs subdural : epi = above dural , sub = below dural (potential space between dura ( inserts firmly into each sutures) and arachnoid). Dura is a tough thick membrane

What is Hematoma|Types|Causes|Symptoms|Treatment|Prognosis

Spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma Epidemiology. This spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma in the cervical region is an uncommon cause of acute spinal cord compression. Currently, the incidence of SSEH is expected to increase. Pain physicians must include SSEH in their differential diagnosis for patients with axial pain or radicular symptoms alone, particularly when risk factors are. The incidence of spinal epidural hematomas (SEH) is 0.1 per 100,000 per year, and it affects men more often than women. 1 The causes of SEH fall into 3 main categories: 1) Posttraumatic, following vertebral fractures, obstetrical birth trauma, epidural anesthesia, lumbar puncture, spinal surgery, and stab wounds; 2) a variety of predisposing. Obtaining plain radiographs in the recovery room can help exclude bone fragments, allograft compression, or malpositioned hardware as a cause of spinal epidural hematoma. The diagnostic modality of choice for a spinal epidural hematoma is MR imaging. If it is unavailable or contraindicated, CT-myelography can be used Immediate interventions are needed because an epidural hematoma can lead to lasting brain damage and even death, if left untreated. Epidural hematoma is often caused by a history of head trauma and frequent skull fracture. In addition, epidural hematoma can cause your brain to swell and affect your vision, speech, mobility, and consciousness 10 Causes of Hematoma. Bleeding is a problem that all of us can face from time to time. The most common reason is some form of injury, although such injuries are usually relatively small. During bleeding, blood normally leaks out of the body, at least until it is clotted and the flow is stopped; however, not all bleeding occurs outside the body

Hematoma, epidural, spinal; Hemorrhage, Spinal Epidural

A Case of Epidural Hematoma - howMe

Epidural Hematoma. Patients with epidural hematoma report a history of a focal head injury such as blunt trauma from a hammer or baseball bat, fall, or motor vehicle collision. The classic presentation of an epidural hematoma is a loss of consciousness after the injury, followed by a lucid interval then neurologic deterioration Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is an uncommon cause of acute cauda equina syndrome []-[].Asymptomatic small epidural hematoma almost always occurs following spinal surgeries that involve laminectomy []-[].The incidence of postoperative SEHs that necessitate surgical intervention because of neurological deficits, such as clinically significant spinal cord or nerve root compression, is extremely. Analysis of 1010 spinal epidural hematoma cases revealed that the peak incidence occurred at C-6 (31%) and T-12 (22%).20 The posterior epidural space measuring approximately 0.4 mm at C7-T1, and 4.1 mm at the T11-T12, while it is up to 7 mm in the upper thoracic and lumbar regions.2

Spinal epidural hematoma after spinal manipulations

INTRODUCTION. Subdural hematoma (SDH) and epidural hematoma are characterized by bleeding into the spaces surrounding the brain. Subdural hematomas form between the dura and the arachnoid membranes Epidural hematomas arise in the potential space between the dura and the skull The pathophysiology, etiology, clinical features, and diagnostic evaluation of SDH will be discussed here Introduction. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare neurologic emergency of the spinal cord that is caused by a hemorrhage in the epidural space with an uncertain cause. 1 Patients usually experience sudden severe neck or back pain accompanied by plegia of the extremities, bladder, and bowels.1, 2 The incidence of SSEH has been reported to be 1 per 1,000,000 persons. 1 The. Progressive epidural hematoma (PEDH) after head injury is often observed on serial computerized tomography (CT) scans. Recent advances in imaging modalities and treatment might affect its incidence and outcome. In this study, PEDH was observed in 9.2% of 412 head trauma patients in whom two CT scans were obtained within 24 hours of injury, and in a majority of cases, it developed within 3 days. 2. Outline the most common neurological deficits that occur from a spinal epidural hematoma or spinal epidural abscess. 3. Identify indications for a good or poor prognosis. 4. Minimize adverse outcomes for the provider. Spinal epidural hematoma and spinal epidural abscess are rare surgical emergencies resulting in significant neurologic deficits epidural hematoma (clinical manifestations, nursing interventions, causes, medical management, risk factors, nursing diagnosis, evaluation, diagnostic tests.

Subdural vs Epidural Hematoma: CT Findings, Location

Epidural Hematoma Prognosis. An epidural hematoma is a form of traumatic brain injury that's marked by bleeding that occurs within the inside of the skull, the dura (outer covering of the brain), and sometimes in the spinal column. An epidural hematoma can sometimes lead to the development of cerebral palsy An epidural hematoma refers to a collection of blood between the inner table of the skull and the dura. It is most commonly caused by a direct contact or impact injury with a forceful deformity of the skull

Neuro assessment hdsp final 10The Radiology Assistant : Lumbar Disc HerniationSigns of Chronic Subdural Hematoma Recurrence » Scary Symptoms

Epidural hematoma. Trauma can cause the rupture of the middle meningeal artery, which is a branch of the maxillary artery. This can be caused by a fracture of the temporal bone. The rapid accumulation of blood within the epidural space can lead to intracranial hypertension and transtentorial herniation. Subdural hematoma Background Spinal epidural hematoma and abscess are rare complications of neuraxial anesthesia but can cause severe neurologic deficits. The incidence of these complications vary widely in existing studies and the risk factors remain uncertain. We estimated the incidence of these complications and explored associations using a national inpatient database in Japan. Methods Using Japanese. Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) Spinal epidural hematoma is an uncommon entity that was first reported as long ago as the 17th century. Jackson is generally credited with the first report of a spontaneous case in 1869 . Till 1988, over 200 reports appeared in the literature, and numerous etiologies have been describe Epidural Hematoma Epidural hematomas occur when an artery is injured and arterial blood accumulates between the dura and the calvarium. Do not cross suture lines because of the tight adherence of the dura to the calvarium and thus have a biconvex or elliptical appearance Epidural hematoma as a complication of sphenoid sinusitis and epidural abscess: a case report and literature review. Clin Imaging. 2002; 26: 382 -385. 35. Szkup P, Stoneham G. Spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma during pregnancy: case report and review of the literature. Br J Radiol The most common cause of intracranial epidural hematoma is trauma, although spontaneous hemorrhages have been known to occur.Epidural hematomas occur in about 10% of traumatic brain injuries, mostly due to car accidents, assaults, or falls. They are often caused by acceleration-deceleration trauma and transverse forces